It is traditionally believed that the capital was founded by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky in 1147. But people have lived on the site of modern Moscow since ancient times.
- From 1712 to 1918, Moscow was deprived of the status of capital, since this role was played by St. Petersburg.
- Many of the streets and squares were named because of the distinctive landscape nearby, or the professions of people who lived there. For example Borovitsky - because a real pine forest grew around the fortress wall. Mokhovaya street appeared because of moss.
- Until the 16th century, even in the richest houses, there were no windows from the glass. People used mica plates or fish bubbles instead of them.
- In 1812, about 80% of all buildings destroyed by the fire. The citizens were ready to burn their houses but not to be conquered by Napoleon.
- It is believed that legendary lost treasures of the Templars are still in Moscow. Their riches were exported from France. But still, the traces of the presence of the Templars in Moscow have survived on the walls of St. Danilov Monastery.
- In the XV — XVI centuries Muscovites for winter fun made skates from animal bones.