What is the Hermitage and why it's worth visiting?
Along the river Neva, there are five buildings which are the complex of the Hermitage.
Europeans joked about Catherine II: "Dragging trash from around the world to her palace." But, the "trash" has become invaluable. Nowadays the palace with trash is put on a par with the most fabulous world's museums. Thus, the private collection put the beginning of the Hermitage. Catherine II conceived to create an intimate corner in the palace, intended for recreation and entertainment.
From year to year, the collection had been becoming more extensive, and Catherine II decided to build one more palace for artworks. In a year one more building appeared. And the extensions are known as "The old Hermitage."
During the reign of Nicholas I, the collection continues to replenish with rare masterpieces. In 1852 the emperor's plan to make the collection available for the public was realized. After 1917, the museum became of state property. The artworks were supplemented with the masterpieces from private owners and the nationalization of all mansions.
During the Great Patriotic War, all works of art were evacuated beyond the Urals, in the cellars was a bomb shelter. Later the exhibits were returned. Fortunately, during numerous transportations, almost all the works were preserved. Some of them needed little restoration.
Nowadays the Hermitage has topped the rating of the best museums in Europe and became the visiting card. It is difficult to single out the best compositions since most of them are truly unique. You will get acquainted with historical treasures, live past, the interiors of last centuries, all kinds of artwork, and essential objects. No one can guess what is waiting for at the next door. Compositions can be either temporary or permanent, and this is important to consider.